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Ry0TAの日記

2009-05-07

フォックス下院議員(ノースカロライナ州)「マシュー・シェパード事件は憎悪犯罪ではない」発言の背景(リンク集め中)

| フォックス下院議員(ノースカロライナ州)「マシュー・シェパード事件は憎悪犯罪ではない」発言の背景(リンク集め中) - Ry0TAの日記 を含むブックマーク はてなブックマーク - フォックス下院議員(ノースカロライナ州)「マシュー・シェパード事件は憎悪犯罪ではない」発言の背景(リンク集め中) - Ry0TAの日記

みやきちさんのLGBTニュースから。

ノースカロライナ州下院議員「マシュー・シェパード事件は“でっち上げ”」→批判され「謝罪」するも誠意無し-みやきち日記

  

ノースカロライナ州下院議員ヴァージニア・フォックス氏(共和党)が、「マシュー・シェパード殺害は強盗によるもの、彼がゲイだったからではない」「(シェパード事件を)ヘイトクライム法案を通す口実にし続けるのはでっちあげ」と発言、波紋を呼んでいる。

  

ヴァージニア・フォックス議員Virginia Foxx発言と報道(多すぎる)

ヴァージニア・フォックス、ノースカロライナ州下院議員

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Foxx

  

発言

I also would like to point out that there was a bill — the hate crimes bill that’s called the Matthew Shepard bill — it’s named after a very unfortunate incident that happened where a young man was killed, but we know that that young man was killed in the commitment of a robbery. It wasn’t because he was gay. This — the bill was named for him, hate crimes bill was named for him, but it’s really a hoax that that continues to be used as an excuse for passing these bills.

  

発言のビデオと記事

Rep. Virginia Foxx: Matthew Shepard Hate Crime a 'Hoax' (Video): Rep. Virginia Foxx believes Matthew Shepard’s death was a simple robbery, not a hate crime.(04/29/2009)

http://www.wowowow.com/politics/rep-virginia-foxx-matthew-shepard-hate-crime-hoax-280872

    

批判記事

  

Virginia Foxx: Matthew Shepard's Murder Not a Hate Crime - Washington Post (April 29, 2009)

http://voices.washingtonpost.com/sleuth/2009/04/virginia_foxx_mathew_shepards.html

  

GLAADブログの批判記事

Congresswoman Foxx Claims Matthew Shepard Hate Crime Murder Was “A Hoax” - glaadBLOG (April 29, 2009)

http://glaadblog.org/2009/04/29/congresswoman-foxx-claims-matthew-shepard-hate-crime-murder-was-a-hoax/

  

Crooks and Liarsの批判記事

Rep. Virginia Foxx Dishonored Matthew Shepard's Death and said it was a hoax (By John Amato)- Crooks and Liars (Apr 30, 2009)

http://crooksandliars.com/john-amato/rep-virginia-foxx-dishonored-matthew-sh

  

発言への謝罪

「言葉の使い方が良くなかった」と言うが、主張は撤回せず。

議場にいたシェパードの家族を「傷つけるつもりはなかった」と謝罪する。

Congresswoman calls gay death case a `hoax' - ABC11.com(April 30, 2009)

http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=news/local&id=6788587

Foxx later called her comments "a poor choice of words" and said her comments didn't convey what she meant to say.

"Mr. Shepard's death was nothing less than a tragedy, and those responsible for his death certainly deserved the punishment they received," Foxx said.

  

EXCLUSIVE: Foxx Apologizes For Remarks: Congresswoman Said She Rushed, Regrets Comments - WXII12.com (May 2, 2009)

http://www.wxii12.com/politics/19344659/detail.html

"In the heat of trying to handle the rule on the floor, anybody can use a bad choice of words. Saying that the event was a hoax was a poor choice of words," Foxx said. "I've apologized for that. I never meant in any way to harm the family or offend the family or anybody else for that matter."

  

Foxx sends note of apology to gay man's mother: Congresswoman had faced anger for calling hate-crime label in 1998 killing 'a hoax' - Winston-Salem Journal (May 6, 2009)

http://www2.journalnow.com/content/2009/may/06/foxx-sends-note-of-apology-to-gay-mans-mother/news/

  

批判記事

BREAKING: Virginia Foxx Issues Second Non-Apology (by David Badash) - The New Civil Rights Movements(May 1, 2009)

http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com/breaking-virginia-foxx-issues-second-non-apology/politics/2009/05/01/2251

  

David Neiwert(シアトル在住のフリー・ジャーナリストヘイトクライム問題について著作あり)の批判

Neiwertのブログは、ヘイトクライム法立法の一連の議論と、その中で行われてきたマシュー・シェパード事件への攻撃について詳しい。

Why Virginia Foxx's non-apology for smearing Matthew Shepard isn't enough - Orcinus(Sunday, May 03, 2009)

http://dneiwert.blogspot.com/2009/05/why-virginia-foxxs-non-apology-for.html

  

ヘイトクライム否定報道

フォックス議員が参照したのは、ABC20/20の2004年11月の報道

ABCのサイトから

New Details Emerge in Matthew Shepard Murder: Killers Talk About Crime That Shocked the Nation (Nov. 26, 2004)

http://abcnews.go.com/2020/Story?id=277685&page=1

  

かなり長い記事。終身刑で服役中の殺害者の1人Aaron McKinneyおよびKristen Price(McKinneyの当時の恋人)、Tom O'Connor(McKinneyの友人)らのインタビューから、事件はドラッグアルコールに酔ったRussell HendersonとMcKinneyの金目当ての犯行、シェパードがゲイだったからではないという結論を引き出している。

ヘイト・クライムと看做された原因は、(当時ホモフォビアを証言した)Priceが、「望まない同性愛的接近に動揺した結果ということにすれば、McKinneyに有利に運ぶと思った」からだという。

http://abcnews.go.com/2020/Story?id=277685&page=3

Price now says that at the time of the crime she thought things would go easier for McKinney if his violence were seen as a panic reaction to an unwanted gay sexual advance.

But today, Price tells Vargas the initial statements she made were not true and tells Vargas that McKinney's motive was money and drugs. "I don't think it was a hate crime at all. I never did," she said.

  

Matthew Shepard - en.Wikipediaのこの報道に関する一節。

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_Shepard#ABC.27s_20.2F20_report

ABC's 20/20 report

In late 2004, ABC's Elizabeth Vargas reported on an investigation into the murder for the television program 20/20. Though Vargas primarily relied on personal interviews with people involved with the matter, the report was billed as exploring "New Details Emerging in the Matthew Shepard Murder."[3] At the forefront was the possibility that the murder had in fact been motivated by drugs rather than Shepard's sexual orientation. McKinney, Henderson and Kristen Price (McKinney's girlfriend) claimed in these interviews that the attack was a result of heavy drug use, a robbery and a beating gone awry.[3] Price, in her interview with Vargas, ultimately openly remarked: "I do not think it was a hate crime at all. I never did."[3] This statement contradicted Price's first interview with 20/20 in 1998, in which she said (of McKinney and Henderson's attack): "They just wanted to beat him bad enough to teach him a lesson, not to come on to straight people, and don’t be aggressive about it anymore.”[17] In the report, Price and McKinney's long-time friend Tom O'Connor, on whose property McKinney and Price once lived, both stated their belief that McKinney was bisexual. O'Connor stated that he and McKinney had sex in the past. However, when Vargas asked McKinney whether he had ever had a sexual experience with another male, he said that he had not.[3]

The 20/20 report also mentioned a statement by O'Connor that Shepard told him he was HIV-positive.[3]

Retired Police Chief of Laramie, Commander Dave O'Malley — who was also interviewed by ABC and criticized the 20/20 report — pointed out that the drug motive does not necessarily disqualify the anti-gay motive: "My feelings have been that the initial contact was probably motivated by robbery because they needed money. What they got was $20 and a pair of shoes ... then something changed and changed profoundly... But, we will never, ever know because Matt’s dead and I don’t trust what [McKinney and Henderson] said."[18]

  

Matthew Shepard Foundation、マシュー・シェパードの両親からの20/20報道に対する反論(November 24, 2004)

http://www.matthewshepard.org/site/PageServer?pagename=Press_Media_PR_2020_STATEMENT_112404

  

NYU graduate journalism programのウェブジャーナルにおける批判

Rewriting the Motives Behind Matthew Shepard’s Murder - Recount: A Magazine of Contemporary Politics(Dec 8, 2004)

http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/recount/article/95/

  

David Neiwertの批判(非常に興味深い)

Matthew Shepard and hate crimes - Orcinus(Thursday, December 02, 2004)

http://dneiwert.blogspot.com/2004/12/matthew-shepard-and-hate-crimes.html

  

1999年裁判での「ゲイ・パニック・ディフェンス」

  

マシュー・シェパード殺害の裁判で、殺害者の1人McKinneyの弁護士は、McKinneyの子ども時代の同性による性的虐待が犯行の引き金になったとして、McKinneyの犯行を弁護しようとした。

これは「ゲイ・パニック・ディフェンス」として、活動家や法専門家に非難を浴びた。

弁護人は「ゲイ・パニック・ディフェンス」を使うつもりはない、と弁明しているものの、被告の犯行が「シェパードがゲイであること」に関係あると、(戦略的に)認めていたわけである。

しかしこの弁護は退けられ、McKinneyは第二級殺人の判決を受けた。

    

ゲイ・パニック」を用いたMcKinneyの弁護について

Quiet bombshell in Matthew Shepard trial: Judge Barton Voigt throws out the gay panic defense, gutting the case for a manslaughter conviction in place of murder.- Salon.com(Nov. 1, 1999)

http://www.salon.com/news/feature/1999/11/01/gay_panic/

  

Gay panic lite: The Matthew Shepard murder trial goes to the jury after the defense offers a modified version of its disallowed strategy.- Salon.com(Nov. 2, 1999)

http://www.salon.com/news/feature/1999/11/02/shepard/

  

ゲイ・パニック・ディフェンスに対する判決

Text of the "Gay Panic" Defense ruling in the Matthew Shepard Murder Trial - Court TV Online ( November 1, 1999)

http://web.archive.org/web/20080205180344/http://www.courttv.com/archive/trials/mckinney/gay_panic_ruling_ctv.html

  

McKinney裁判中のCNNの報道

ゲイ・パニック・ディフェンス」が受けいれられない様子を伝えている。

Judge may bar 'gay panic' defense in Wyoming beating trial - CNN.com(October 27, 1999)

http://edition.cnn.com/US/9910/27/shepard.trial.02/

McKinney's attorneys argued that they don't intend to present a "gay panic" defense but are merely trying to establish McKinney's state of mind at the time of the killing. They promised to present Voigt with research supporting their position.

  

McKinney裁判中のNewsweekの記事

殺されたシェパードを殉教者のように扱う裁判の流れにも批判的である。

The 'Gay Panic' Defense: The accused says he killed Matthew Shepard--in a rage triggered by memories of a childhood assault- Newsweek.com (November 8, 1999)

http://www.newsweek.com/id/90113

Will the "gay panic" defense work? Though the gambit often resulted in acquittals or reduced charges in the murders of homosexuals during the 1960s and 1970s, it has had less success lately.